Ram Navami is a festival dedicated to birth of “Shree Rama” a Son of great King Dasratha. Rama is a Seventh incarnation of “Shree Vishnu”. Ram Navami falls in the Month of Chaitra ( MARCH) as per the hindu calendar . Rama, the perfect avatar of the Supreme Protector Vishnu, is the most popular symbol of chivalry and virtue. Rama - in the words of Swami Vivekananda - is "the embodiment of truth, of morality, the ideal son, the ideal husband, and above all, the ideal king." In some parts of India, it is celebrating as a nine-day festival that coincides with Vasanta Navratri, Chaitra Navratri or Raam Navraatra. Starting from GUDI PADAWA to RAMNAVAMI. Earlier 9 days dedicated to the female force or divine Mother Maa Durga,Shakti or Adishakti , Mahalaxmi, Maha Saraswati and Mahakali. During this period, devotees do recite’s of Ramayana, Durga Shaptshati, Durga Kavcham, recite the Ramarakshastotra, sing bhajans-kirtans in praise of Maa Durga and Shree Rama. On the ninth day, in the afternoon a spiritual discourse on Lord Rama’s birth is held.
Dashrath was a King of Ayodhya . The greatest worry of Dasaratha was he had no children. At that time Maharshi Vashisth suggests him to perform Puthra-Kamesti Yagna. As the result of yagna at Ayodhya, Yagneshwar ( Lord of Flame) appears and hands Dasarath a bowl of Kheer and asks him to give it to his wives. After eating that parasada by Maharani Kauslya she got pregment and On the nineth day(Navami) of Chaithra Masa(First month in Hindu calender) in Treta Yuga,at noon she gaves birth to Lord Sri Ram. Who takes birth on earth when Adharma over rules Dharma.
Valmiki in his Sanskrit text Ramayan describes the natal or birth chart of young Rama, and this day is celebrated as Ramanavami festival throughout India and amongst Indian diaspora.:“ “On completion of the ritual six seasons have passed by and then in the twelfth month, on the ninth day of Chaitra month [March-April], when the presiding deity of ruling star of the day is Aditi, where the ruling star of day is Punarvasu (Nakshatra), the asterism is in the ascendant, and when five of the nine planets viz., Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and Venus are at their highest position, when Jupiter with Moon is ascendant in Cancer, and when day is advancing, then Queen Kausalya gave birth to a son with all the divine attributes like lotus-red eyes, lengthy arms, roseate lips, voice like drumbeat, and who took birth to delight the Ikshwaku dynasty, who is adored by all the worlds, and who is the greatly blessed epitome of Vishnu, namely Rama.”- Book I : Bala Kanda, Ramayana by Valmiki, Chapter (Sarga) 18, Verse 8, 9, 10 and 11. "Maharishi Valmiki have mentioned thefollowing important parameter (which cannot be tempered with): The Valmiki Ramayana (Bal Kanda 18.8.9) mentions (the planetary positions vis-à-vis zodiac constellations) at the time of Lord Ram's birth as 'the ninth lunar day of the bright fortnight of Chaitra, asterism Punarvasu was in the ascendant and (as many as) five planets (viz, the Sun, Mars , Saturn, Jupiter and Venus) happened to be exalted (appeared in the zodiacal signs of Mesa or Aries, Makara or Capricorn, Tula or Libra, Karka or Cancer, and Mina or Pisces respectively) and Jupiter in conjunction with the Moon appeared in the zodiacal sign of Karka'.
Celebration of Ram Janm (birth)
On the ninth day, in the afternoon a spiritual discourse on Lord Rama’s birth is held. . Devotees shower a red, fragrant powder (gulal) and flowers onto the statue of lord Rama. The important celebrations on this day take place at Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh, Bhadrachalam in Andhra Pradesh and Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu, thronged by thousands of devotees, and Rathayatras, the chariot processions, also known as Shobha yatras of Rama, his wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman, are taken out at several places, including Ayodhya where thousands of people take a dip in the sacred river Sarayu.At temples special havan (yajna) are organized, along with chanting of Vedic mantras and offerings of fruits and flowers. Many Hindus mark this day by Vrata (fasting) through the day followed by feasting in the evening, or at the culmination of celebrations . In South India, the day is also celebrated as the wedding anniversary of Rama and his consort Sita, thus ceremonial wedding ceremonies, Sitarama Kalyanam, of the celestial couple are held at temples throughout the region, with great fanfare and accompanied by group chanting of name of Rama, Rama nama smaranam.